Incidence, risk factors and healthcare costs of central line-associated nosocomial bloodstream infections in hematologic and oncologic patients.
Non-implanted central vascular catheters (CVC) are frequently required for therapy in hospitalized patients with hematological malignancies or solid tumors. However, CVCs may represent a source for bloodstream infections (central line-associated bloodstream infections, CLABSI) and, thus, may increase morbidity and mortality of these patients. A retrospective cohort study over 3 years was performed. Risk factors were determined and evaluated by a multivariable logistic regression analysis. Healthcare costs of CLABSI were analyzed in a matched case-control study. In total 610 patients got included with a CLABSI incidence of 10.6 cases per 1,000 CVC days. The use of more than one CVC per case, CVC insertion for conditioning for stem cell transplantation, acute myeloid leukemia, leukocytopenia (≤ 1000/μL), carbapenem therapy and pulmonary diseases were independent risk factors for CLABSI. Hospital costs directly attributed to the onset of CLABSI were 8,810 € per case. CLABSI had a significant impact on the overall healthcare costs. Knowledge about risk factors and infection control measures for CLABSI prevention is crucial for best clinical practice.