Spider Silk-Augmented Scaffolds and Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Loaded with Uniaxial Cyclic Strain : first Investigations of a Novel Approach for Tendon-Like Constructs

Schlottmann, Frederik ORCID; Strauß, Sarah; Plaass, Christian ORCID; Welke, Bastian GND; Vogt, Peter M. GND; Kuhbier, Jörn W.

Abstract Tendon injuries still pose a challenge to reconstructive surgeons. Tendon tissue is a bradytrophic tissue and has a poor tendency to heal. Autologous tendon grafts are, therefore, still the gold standard in restorative operations but are associated with significant donor side morbidity. The experimental approach of the present study focused on the use of the biomaterial spider silk as a biocompatible and very stable carrier matrix in combination with a collagen type I hydrogel and adipose-derived stromal cells. The constructs were differentiated by axial strain to tendon-like tissue using a custom-made bioreactor. Macroscopically, tendon-like tissue could be detected which histologically showed high cell vitality even in long-term cultivation. In addition, cell morphology comparable to tenocytes could be detected in the bioreactor-stimulated tendon-like constructs compared to the controls. Immunohistochemically, tendon tissue-specific markers could be detected. Therefore, the developed tendon-like construct represents a promising approach towards patient specific tendon reconstruction, but further studies are needed. Full article (This article belongs to the Section Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering)

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Schlottmann, Frederik / Strauß, Sarah / Plaass, Christian / et al: Spider Silk-Augmented Scaffolds and Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Loaded with Uniaxial Cyclic Strain. first Investigations of a Novel Approach for Tendon-Like Constructs. 2021.

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