Low Diagnostic Value of Synovial Aspiration Culture Prior to Reimplantation in Periprosthetic Joint Infection.
Background/aimWe aimed to determine the diagnostic value of the synovial aspiration culture prior to reimplantation in two- (or more) stage exchange of periprosthetic joint infection.
Patients and methodsThis was a retrospective study, spanning over ten years including all synovial cultures of patients with two- (or more) stage exchange due to periprosthetic joint infection.
ResultsA total of 183 patients were included, mean age was 66.6 years (range=12.8-93.4 years). Overall sensitivity of synovial aspiration cultures before reimplantation was 56.6%, specificity 84.6%, negative predictive value (NPV) 63.8%, positive predictive value (PPV) 80.2%, area under the curve (AUC) 70.6%. Sensitivity of the knee in comparison to the hip culture was significantly higher, as well as the NPV and the AUC (p=0.038). In case of complete removal of prosthesis, the sensitivity and AUC were significantly reduced, whereas the specificity was comparable with prosthesis in situ, partial removal or complete removal.
ConclusionDue to the low sensitivity, obtaining several synovial cultures in the prosthesis-free interval to exclude persistence of infection, does not seem reasonable.
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