Evaluation of Real-world Data for Breast-MRI BI-RADS IV Lesions

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important diagnostic tool in the detection of breast cancer. The Breast Center of the municipal Hospital Holweide, Cologne, annually cares for and treats patients with changes in the breast. A special problem is posed by Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 lesions. If a BI-RADS 4 finding is present, is a vacuum biopsy indicated in every case or, if there is already an indication for surgery due to other findings, can the corresponding finding be removed openly without histological clarification? We require real world data regarding the actual in-center likelihood of a BIRADS 4 lesion to be DCIS (Ductal carcinoma in situ) or invasive disease. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 1,641 patients who received MRI examination in the radiological department of the municipal hospital Holweide in 2012 and 2013. Each BI-RADS 4 finding (or higher) classified by MRI was compared with the final histological result. Results: 347 MRIs showed BI-RADS 4 findings or higher and 280 (80.7%) cases showed benign histology. In 67 (19.3%) cases, histology showed DCIS or invasive carcinoma. Conclusion: BI-RADS 4 lesions have a low probability of malignancy based on real-world data from this center. If there is already an indication for surgery due to other lesions, the patient can also be offered a simultaneous open biopsy in the context of the already initiated surgical treatment. Each center should know the sensitivity and specificity of the MRI imaging performed and counsel patients based on that.


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